Altruism in animalsEvolution of moralityand Evolutionary ethics Giving alms to beggar children In the science of ethology the study of animal behaviourand more generally in the study of social evolutionaltruism refers to behaviour by an individual that increases the fitness of another individual while decreasing the fitness of the actor. Two related strands of research on altruism have emerged from traditional evolutionary analyses and from evolutionary game theory a mathematical model and analysis of behavioural strategies. Some of the proposed mechanisms are:
King and Perks ; Official Guidebook Carew Castle is justly celebrated as one of the most magnificent castles of south Wales.
Its position is low-lying, but still prominent in the flat land around the tidal reaches of the Carew river. The castle stands at the end of a ridge at a strategically excellent site commanding a crossing point of the then-still navigable river. The modern entrance to the castle is from the east, following the medieval route through the bailey, within which lie low grassy footings of the later medieval service buildings.
These were protected by a gatehouse, a wall and a massive rock-cut ditch.
Excavations have shown that this ditch was in fact a recut of a much earlier one, Chivalry definition essays as part of a defensive system cutting off the ridge in pre-Norman, perhaps Iron Age times.
Little now remains of the earth and timber castle that was built here by the Norman Gerald of Windsor around It is first mentioned inwhen for some reason, King John seized it for a short time when passing through Pembroke on his Irish expedition.
By this time it is probable that the first stone structure, the Old Tower, had been built to protect the original castle entrance. The castle remained in the hands of the influential Carew family who built, in various phases, the strong medieval castle that stands today.
Its history, however, was without major incident until aboutwhen Sir Edmund Carew disposed of it to Rhys ap Thomas. Rhys, basking in the gratitude of King Henry VII for the support he had given him after his landing at Milford Haven, was able to spend significant sums on the castle, and set about converting it into a home worthy of an influential Tudor gentleman.
It was he who built the gatehouse which leads from the bailey into the outer ward of the castle. From this small, square gatehouse, there is a fine view of the outside of the inner ward.
The early 13th-century 'Old Tower' is abutted on the north by the late 13th-century hall and polygonal, projecting chapel tower; the rounded end of the Elizabethan wing lies beyond on the north corner.
To the south lie the early 14th-century gatehouse and the late 13th-century south-east tower. Rhys ap Thomas later heightened some parts and much of the battlemented top is in fact his rather less-than-serious military work.
The main gate to the inner ward is surprisingly unsophisticated; only an outer door, five murder holes in the vault above, an inner door with no less than three bar-holes and a portcullis. On the east right side is the ruinous three-storey tower in the corner which may have been balanced by a similar tower on the north-east, removed by a later Tudor wing.
The early first-floor hall, built over a vaulted basement, and a fine projecting chapel tower, still stand intact. The fine windows on this courtyard side and the ornate fireplace inside the hall are the work of Sir Rhys ap Thomas.
The chapel was housed on the first floor of the semi-octagonal chapel tower and has an attractive cross-ribbed vaulted ceiling, and a piscina and an aumbry cupboard on either side of the east window.
Above the chapel was a private room. The curtain wall on the south side was slighted after the Civil War and much of the present wall is modern. The early 14th-century western range consists of the Great Hall and two projecting towers, one at each corner.
The Great Hall occupied the full length of the building at first-floor level over vaulted ground-floor storage rooms, which are now ruinous and open to the sky.
The hall had a minstrels' gallery on the south, a fine series of windows and two fireplaces. Rhys ap Thomas confined his additions here to the oriel window on the north, and, on the south, the rich three-storied porch over the steps which lead into the hall.
On the porch are the arms of Henry VII, of Arthur, prince of Wales, and of Arthur's wife, Catherine of Aragon, right probably put there as a courtesy to the royal family who attended a great tournament held by Rhys at the castle in This splendid and costly event was undoubtedly one of the most lavish entertainments in the history of Wales.
The magnificent north wing was the last major addition to the castle. It was built by Sir John Perrotto whom the castle was granted by the crown in after the downfall of Rhys ap Thomas's descendants.Chivalry is that, and loyalty is that, and, in English literature, half the drama, and all the novels, from Sir Philip Sidney to Sir Walter Scott, paint this figure.
The point of distinction in all this class of names, as courtesy, chivalry, fashion, and the like, is that the flower and fruit, not . Free bravery papers, essays, and research papers. The Theme of Bravery in Today's Literature - Chivalry, honor, bravery, and loyalty are virtues that play a major role in people’s lives.
A practical explanation for the futility of especially heavy weapons is that they are slow. In physics terms, doubling the mass of a weapon can provide twice the strike energy, but doubling the velocity of a strike provides four times the energy. - It is apparent in todays society that the definition and application of chivalry has changed through history.
During the Middle Ages, chivalry was a code of brave and courteous conduct for knights. Free barber papers, essays, and research papers. Cookinging with Soul: Terri Barber - Meet Terri Barber, a 20 year old culinary arts student at Gateway Technical College.
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