Takeaway The colon or large intestine is a vital part of the digestive tract that needs periodic screenings in older adults. A colonoscopy is a procedure that is carried out to detect any abnormalities in the colon, such as colorectal cancer or polyps that may develop into cancer.
Cancer is a group of abnormal cells, known as a tumor, that grow uncontrollably. Cancer is named according to the type of organ tissue from which it develops. Nearly eight million people, worldwide, get different types of cancer every year.
Colon cancer is the second most common cancer death in the United States. Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, arises in the lining of the large intestine and rectum. Their main function is to remove wastes from the body and absorb water and other types of nutrients.
There are four layers of the colorectal wall. It is important to know these layers because the staging of colorectal cancer relates to the degree of penetration of the tumor through the bowel wall.
Often, colon cancer does not give any signs at all until the late stages of the disease. Symptoms of colon cancer include rectal bleeding, dark stools called melena, iron loss, frequent bowel movements, mucus discharge from the rectum, gas pains, and hemorrhoids.
As the tumor spreads, it can cause other types of problems in the body such as liver pains, loss of appetite, or other cancer of the organs. Colon cancer can be diagnosed in many different ways. Unfortunately, not many are getting tested for the disease until it is too late. Screening for blood in stool is recommended for people over the age of fifty even if they have no risk factors.
If there is suspicion of possible colon cancer, there are other more thorough ways to test. One way it can be tested is by having a colonoscopy. A colonoscopy is a procedure in which doctors can look into the entire colon and collect tissue through the scope.
That is where a small tube is used to take a sample of tissue without making an incision, and the tissue is examined for cancer under a microscope.PHOTIUS BIBLIOTHECA OR MYRIOBIBLON 1.
Register and enumeration of the books read by us, in number, of which our beloved brother Tarasius desired to have a summary. 2 Photius, to his beloved brother Tarasius, in the name of the Lord, greeting. A cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming.
Find out about coping with the emotional, practical and physical effects. The genes that cause hereditary cancer are often the same ones that are mutated in sporadic cancers.
For example, people with the hereditary cancer syndrome called Li-Fraumeni have a mutation in a gene called p Mutations in p53 are also commonly found in sporadic cancers.
In moderate doses caffeine has mainly positive effects for most people. But it increases production of cortisol, which can lead to health problems including anxiety, weight gain and heart disease.
Colon cancer of the large bowel, or colon and rectum is highly treatable and often a curable disease when it is localized and diagnosed in its early stages. Ten percent of all cancer in the United States involve either the colon or the rectum.(Fisher) Colorectal cancer is the fourth commonly /5(5).
Kidney, or renal, cancer refers to any type of cancer that involves the kidney. Older age, obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure increase the risk of developing kidney cancer.