Northernmost point of India is the Pamir Knot, which lies on the Karakoram mountains.
These were formed by the ongoing tectonic plates collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates. They also facilitate the monsoon winds which in turn influence the climate in India.
Rivers originating in these mountains flow through the fertile Indo—Gangetic plains. These states along with Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Sikkim lie mostly in the Himalayan region. Kanchenjunga —on the Sikkim — Nepal border—is the highest point in the area administered by India.
Most peaks in the Himalayas remain snowbound throughout the year. The Himalayas act as a barrier to the frigid katabatic winds flowing down from Central Asia.
Thus, North India is kept warm or only mildly cooled during winter; in summer, the same phenomenon makes India relatively hot. Kangchenjungathe third highest mountain in the worldnear the Zemu Glacier in Sikkim, India. The Karakoram is situated in the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The southern boundary of the Karakoram is formed by the GilgitIndus and Shyok rivers, which separate the range from the northwestern end of the Himalayas.
They were created by the same tectonic processes which led to the formation of the Himalayas. The physical features of the Patkai mountains are conical peaks, steep slopes and deep valleys.
The Patkai ranges are not as rugged or tall as the Himalayas. There are three hill ranges that come under the Patkai: The Garo—Khasi range lies in Meghalaya. Mawsynrama village near Cherrapunji lying on the windward side of these hills, has the distinction of being the wettest place in the world, receiving the highest annual rainfall.
The western end of the range lies in eastern Gujarat, near its border with Madhya Pradesh, and runs east and north, almost meeting the Ganges at Mirzapur Dry deciduous and thorny forests of plateau regions in India The Malwa Plateau is spread across Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
The average elevation of the Malwa plateau is metres, and the landscape generally slopes towards the north. Most of the region is drained by the Chambal River and its tributaries; the western part is drained by the upper reaches of the Mahi River.
Kutch Kathiawar plateau Kutch Kathiawar plateau is located in Gujarat state. The Deccan Plateau is a large triangular plateau, bounded by the Vindhyas to the north and flanked by the Eastern and Western Ghats.
The Deccan covers a total area of 1. This region is mostly semi-arid as it lies on the leeward side of both Ghats. Much of the Deccan is covered by thorn scrub forest scattered with small regions of deciduous broadleaf forest.
Climate in the Deccan ranges from hot summers to mild winters. Much of the plateau is forested, covered by the Chota Nagpur dry deciduous forests. Vast reserves of metal ores and coal have been found in the Chota Nagpur plateau.
The natural vegetation in most of the peninsula is xeric scrubpart of the Northwestern thorn scrub forests ecoregion. The range joins two of the ancient segments that make up the Indian cratonthe Marwar segment to the northwest of the range, and the Bundelkhand segment to the southeast.
Indo-Gangetic plain The Indo-Gangetic  plains, also known as the Great Plains are large alluvial plains dominated by three main rivers, the IndusGangesand Brahmaputra. They run parallel to the Himalayas, from Jammu and Kashmir in the west to Assam in the east, and drain most of northern and eastern India.
The great plains are sometimes classified into four divisions: The Bhabar belt is adjacent to the foothills of the Himalayas and consists of boulders and pebbles which have been carried down by streams.
As the porosity of this belt is very high, the streams flow underground. The Tarai belt lies south of the adjacent Bhabar region and is composed of newer alluvium.The Indian sub-continent is characterised by a great diversity in its physical features.
It may be divided into three broadly defined physiographic units: (i) the Himalayas and the associated mountain chains; (ii) the Indus-Ganga-Brahmaputra plain; and (iii) the Peninsular Plateau.
These have been formed in the course of a long and chequered . The Physical Features of India. Geographically, India is one of the most advantaged countries of the world.
All the physical features, like any other country, have something special to offer to the country. Now, different texts divide the Indian landmass differently.
India's physical features include the Himalayan mountains, the Indo-Gangetic Plain and finally the plateau region. The country has a diverse climate, with the north being temperate and the south tending to be sub-tropical.
The tall and rugged Himalayan mountains dominate the northern part of India. Essay on Geography of India.
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The best app for CBSE students now provides Physical Features of India class 9 Notes Geography latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE exams and school based annual examinations.
Class 9 Geography notes on chapter 2 Physical Features of India Geography are also available for download in CBSE Guide website. The main physical features of India are: 1) The Northern Mountains 2) The Great Plains 3) The Thar Desert 4) The Central Highlands 5) Peninsular Plateaus 6) The Coastal Pla ins 7) Islands.