Using elements of both Kantian and utilitarian philosophy, he has described a method for the moral evaluation of social and political institutions. How could you do so fairly? Although you could never actually eliminate all of your personal biases and prejudices, you would need to take steps at least to minimize them.
Another prominent intellectual known for his discourse on justice is John Rawls. This theory seeks to come up with a just organization for the socio-political structures within the said society - John Rawls' Justice as Fairness Essay introduction. One of the underlying principles of the theory is cooperation, as Rawls believed that cooperation is necessary for citizens to live a proper life Wenar, The first principle states that every person has the same basic rights as others.
Every single person is entitled to the same liberties as everybody else. I agree with this first principle. I believe that for a society to be just and fair, all citizens must have the same rights.
The aforementioned rights include the right to vote Rawls theory of justice as fairness freedom of speech Wenar, Justice would not exist if there is no equality among citizens.
The concept of justice upholds than no one is above or beneath the other person, and that the same opportunities are open to everyone. The second principle of justice as fairness allows inequalities of the social and economic kind in two cases Wenar, In the second case, inequalities are justified if these inequalities would improve the welfare of the least advantaged.
While in the beginning the said cases may appear unfair, I believe that these conditions are indeed just. For instance, social and economic inequalities become justified if it favors those who are in need. Therefore, if it is for benefit of majority, inequalities may be allowed.
The disagreement arises from the unfeasible nature of the original position and the veil of ignorance. The actual citizens need representatives so that there are no other factors that will influence the process aside from the desire of the free and equal citizens Wenar, If justice as fairness theory is to be applied in reality, the original position would not work.
I am aware that it is merely imaginary, but if one were to formulate a concept of justice for society, there would be no room for imagination. Citizens may be free and equal, but they have their own interests.
It is in their nature to protect these interests. Having representatives may not work either; it is because the said representatives have their own interests as well. Citizens may seek equality and fairness, but in the end, they have needs they want to be addressed.
The veil of ignorance is another questionable idea for me. This veil is supposed to conceal factors that may affect the judgment of the said representatives. It is said that the purpose of this veil should conceal factors such as race, gender, financial status, and the like.
Through the veil, the process of justice will be unbiased. The said factors may not be revealed, but each and every one of us has biases. We all have preconceived notions or opinions of people and things.
These biases will work against the goal of fairness. The theory of justice as fairness by John Rawls is great in idea, but difficult in application. It is a given that justice exists when everyone is equal and shares the same rights. It is also just if certain inequalities are allowed to favor those who are less fortunate.
The flaw of the theory lies in the original position and the veil of ignorance. Both concepts are great in theory, but they cannot be applied in reality.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved July 2,from http:The theory of justice as fairness by John Rawls is great in idea, but difficult in application.
It is a given that justice exists when everyone is equal and shares the same rights. It is also just if certain inequalities are allowed to favor those who are less fortunate.
"Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical" is an essay by John Rawls, published in In it he describes his conception of justice.
It comprises two main principles of liberty and equality ; the second is subdivided into Fair Equality of Opportunity and the Difference Principle. A THEORY OF JUSTICE John Rawls is Professor Emeritus at Harvard University.
He is the author of the well-known and path breaking A Theory of Justice (Harvard, . response was John Rawls' theory of justice, "Justice as fairness", in the book A Theory of Justice, published The book Justice as Fairness was an improved and shorter.
Jul 24, · A Theory of Justice is a text of political philosophy(ies) and ethics by John Rawls. In the book, Rawls attempts to solve the problem of distributive justice (the socially just distribution of goods in a society) by utilizing a variant of the familiar device of the social contract.
JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS By John Rawls () The Main Idea of The Theory of Justice My aim is to present a conception of justice which generalizes and carries to a higher level of abstraction the familiar theory of the social contract as found, say, in Locke, Rousseau, and Kant.