The relationship between culture and language Diposting oleh Kelompok 18 di Background Appearing of the culture always be supported by many languages. In any culture or region, language is much more than semantics, much more than what the written page or the spoken word can contain.
Shutterstock From the way you move and sleep, to how you interact with people around you, depression changes just about everything. It is even noticeable in the way you speak and express yourself in writing. Just consider the impact of the poetry and song lyrics of Sylvia Plath and Kurt Cobain, who both killed themselves after suffering from depression.
Scientists have long tried to pin down the exact relationship between depression and language, and technology is helping us get closer to a full picture. Our new study, published in Clinical Psychological Sciencehas now unveiled a class of words that can help accurately predict whether someone is suffering from depression.
Traditionally, linguistic analyses in this field have been carried out by researchers reading and taking notes.
Nowadays, computerized text analysis methods allow the processing of extremely large data banks in minutes. This can help spot linguistic features which humans may miss, calculating the percentage prevalence of words and classes of words, lexical diversity, average sentence length, grammatical patterns and many other metrics.
So far, personal essays and diary entries by depressed people have been useful, as has the work of well-known artists such as Cobain and Plath.
For the spoken word, snippets of natural language of people with depression have also provided insight. Taken together, the findings from such research reveal clear and consistent differences in language between those with and without symptoms of depression.
Content Language can be separated into two components: The content relates to what we express — that is, the meaning or subject matter of statements. More interesting is the use of pronouns.
This pattern of pronoun use suggests people with depression are more focused on themselves, and less connected with others.
Researchers have reported that pronouns are actually more reliable in identifying depression than negative emotion words. Negative words and first person pronouns can give a clue.
Does depression cause people to focus on themselves, or do people who focus on themselves get symptoms of depression? Style The style of language relates to how we express ourselves, rather than the content we express.
Our lab recently conducted a big data text analysis of 64 different online mental health forums, examining over 6, members. From the outset, we predicted that those with depression will have a more black and white view of the world, and that this would manifest in their style of language.
Pronouns produced a similar distributional pattern as absolutist words across the forums, but the effect was smaller.The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is the linguistic theory that the semantic structure of a language shapes or limits the ways in which a speaker forms conceptions of the world.
It came about in The theory is named after the American anthropological linguist Edward Sapir (–) and his student Benjamin Whorf (–). It is also known as the theory of linguistic relativity.
Sapir-whorf hypothesis definition, a theory developed by Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf that states that the structure of a language determines or greatly influences the modes of thought and behavior characteristic of the culture in which it is spoken.
See more. The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, or Linguistic Relativity, is an extremely controversial concept which explains how language affects the way we think and perceive reality. It is often defined to include two "versions," strong and weak.
The strong version of the hypothesis claims that language determines thought, and that linguistic categories both limit and determine cognitive categories.
"A short, sour, brilliant little book McWhorter makes all the right arguments, and he makes them clearly." --Adam Gopnik, The New Yorker "[McWhorter] tackles linguistic determinism--the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis--head on, arguing that world views are human, not strapped to one culture."Nature.
Sapir-Whorf originally focused on Hopi, some say arguing that Hopi was a "timeless" language. This debate evolved into the Hopi time controversy.
Whorf was quoted saying. Advanced Review Linguistic relativity The recent resurgence of research on this question can be attributed, in part, to new insights about the ways in which language might impact thought. We or the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis.
Linguistic relativity comprises three.