Tap dance, style of dance in which a dancer wearing shoes fitted with heel and toe taps sounds out audible beats by rhythmically striking the floor or any other hard surface. Early history Tap originated in the United States through the fusion of several ethnic percussive dances, primarily African tribal dances and Scottish, Irish, and English clog dance s, hornpipes, and jig s. In the late 20th century, however, researchers suggested that tap instead was nurtured in such urban environments as the Five Points District in New York Citywhere a variety of ethnic groups lived side by side under crowded conditions and in constant contact with the distinctly urban rhythms and syncopations of the machine age.
It is an oral tradition and its prolific nature has captured the attention of listeners everywhere. Though it is only in the past two decades that Irish Music has gained such recognition on an international scale, its origins can be traced back to almost two thousand years ago when the Celts arrived in Ireland.
They brought with them, among other skills and crafts, music. Having been established in Eastern Europe since BC, the Celts were undoubtedly influenced by the music of the East, and indeed, it is speculated that the Irish Harp originated in Egypt.
However, it is here in Ireland that the tradition has evolved most articulately, thrived most strongly and survived most courageously. The harp is best known of all the traditional Irish instruments and was most dominant from the Tenth to the Seventeenth Centuries.
In the Nineteenth Century it evolved into the Neo-Irish Harp which, in structure, is much like that of the classical concert harp. Before the Seventeenth Century, the harp tradition was at its height and all the harpists were professional musicians. The ruling Chieftains employed them, under a system of patronage, to compose and perform music.
The tradition enjoyed a steady and secure status under this arrangement. However, in the Chieftains fled the country under pressure from invaders.
This came as a serious blow to the professional harpists and the tradition as a whole. The first written collection of Irish music appeared incontaining 49 airs and published by Neale brothers in Dublin.
However, it was not until the Belfast harp festival of that the most significant notation of Irish music was made by Edward Bunting. The manuscripts survive to this day and are among the most important documents in the history of the tradition. Just as the flight of the Chieftains in affected the harping tradition, attempts at colonization adversely affected Irish culture in the decades following the initial invasion.
Many of the laws introduced by the British crown were aimed at crushing the Irish culture and, in the case of the penal laws, it was forbidden to participate in any traditional or cultural activities. Many would believe that such laws were to some extent successful in suppressing the hampering the growth of music in Ireland during the period of their enforcement.
The subsequent wave of emigration, of over two million people, which accompanied the Famine, though a devastating factor in Irish life, did help to bring the music tradition further afield.
On leaving Ireland, the immigrants brought with them their songs and music and a traditional Irish music network was quickly established in cities such as New York, Chicago and Boston where there was a concentrated Irish population. When these RPM recordings made their way back to Ireland they had a dramatic effect on the tradition here.
To the surprise of the listeners, piano accompaniment was given to the fiddle and uilleann pipes and the dance tunes were played at a quickened pace.
As a result of these recordings, musicians in Ireland also began to speed up the tempo of the tunes as well as using the piano as an accompanying instrument, an idea previously unheard of in the tradition.
As his interest in it grew he began to explore it in greater depth. He made use of many Classical music forms within the workings of the band which was made up of fiddle, flute, uilleann pipes, accordion and bodhran, and came up with a formula of playing solos within the group.
His music was played to be listened to and not danced to, thus bringing the musc across a social divide. It was no longer associated solely with rural areas and poverty. When Ceoltoiri Chualann performed their first concert, it did not take place in a public house or a concert hall but in the grandeur of the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin.
Probably the most obvious development was the espousement of influences such as contemporary, American and European folk, into traditional music and with the arrival of the group Planxty ina new sound had emerged.
They were the prototype for what was to be arguably the most influential and ground-breaking band during the period and possibly to date for it was the Planxty man, Donal Lunny, who in formed The Bothy Band. This professional group, characterised by a powerful core of pipes, flute and fiddle with a driving rhythmic accompaniment, not unlike that of rock music, played on bouzouki, guitar and clavichord, achieved one of the most exciting combinations of traditional music talents ever gathered.
Their greater use of harmony and occasional interdependence of instruments: It is because of bands such as Dannan, Planxty and perhaps mainly the Bothy Band, that certain traditional musicians can stand alone on stages throughout the world and be appreciated and acclaimed for playing in their own pure style.
All these developments are notable in their own right and have served to popularise the music, contributing to the apparent situation today where it is seen to be thriving. But if we were to study how music is performed at the present time, one would notice some dramatic changes: Now, in the twenty-first century, with traditional music enjoying every success, it would seem as if its future is secure, but today more than at any other time, this is the foremost topic of debate among musicians and commentators.
Through the profusion of media, the influence of groups and individual musicians filtering back into the tradition is viewed with great concern by many as corrupting and detracting from the essential purity and integrity of traditional music.
Indeed, it has been recognised that with few exceptions, regional styles have, since the advent of recording, been eroding at a frightening rate and are almost completely erased. But to conclude, it should be simply stated that never before has Ireland seen so many young and talented traditional musicians and singers.
I can see not reason why traditional music in its purest form is coming under threat.
Music, traditional or otherwise, lives in its musicians and therefore must be relevant to this generation. Songs A night of traditional music could scarcely be considered complete without recourse to the ancient and extensive archive of Irish song which has circled the globe with our emigrants and continues to evolve and develop in the hands of contemporary wordsmiths and performers.
As an ancient nation of musicians and storytellers, the inevitable fusion of the two traditions has produced a songbank of immeasurable proportions including themes which range from the deeply political to the potentially obscene, from the tragedy of heartbreak to the tragedy of a brewery strike, from revolutionary triumph to extra-marital parody.But the vogue for the waltz and the quadrille ousted the country dance from English ballrooms in the early 19th century, though Scottish country dance remained popular.
  Influence [ edit ]. Start studying Popular Music. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Its historical development 5)Even nonmusicians have much more knowledge about music than they may realize: 6)A chord that sounds "wrong" Dance music was another important aspect of the European influence Circle, square.
The Historical Development and Influence of Scottish Dance Music PAGES 7. WORDS 3, View Full Essay. More essays like this: macpherson, scottish music, scottish music instruments, scottish dance music.
Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Traditional music saw a revival, especially in the States, in the s when recordings of traditional music were taken for the first time and made available to the Irish living abroad.
The music history of the United States includes many styles of folk, popular and classical music. Some of the best-known genres of American music are blues, rock and roll, and country.
The history began with the Native Americans, the first people to populate North America. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
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