Using statistics Using statistics We see the results of statistical analysis every day.
In order to argue persuasively, it is important to support all claims with specific evidence. Consider the following examples arguing that higher education improves standards of living: Individuals who have university degrees have higher salaries.
In an essay arguing that higher education improves living standards, Example B is much more effective. Example B incorporates specific data collected from a reliable source and clearly illustrates the gap in earnings between high school and college graduates.
In contrast, Example A makes a claim without any specific evidence offering support. It may be commonly known that high education leads to higher salaries, but Example A should use statistics to prove this point! Use Relevant Statistics In order to support claims with statistics, it is important to ensure that your statistical evidence relates to the topic at hand.
Consider the following examples arguing that exercise helps to prevent weight gain: Individuals who exercise can maintain their current weights. In a study conducted by the American Medical Association, 38 of participants exercised at high intensity for minutes each week. Their daily caloric intake consisted of In a study of randomly selected participants conducted by the American Medical Association, researchers concluded that burning calories per week with physical activity was enough to prevent weight gain in men who had previously lost an average of 12 kilograms through diet and exercise.
In an essay arguing that exercise promotes weight maintenance, Example B is significantly more effective, because it makes a claim and directly supports this claim with a relevant example.
In addition to supporting claims with statistical evidence and ensuring that the statistical evidence is relevant, information should be presented clearly so readers can easily interpret what the information means. In addition, the AMA study found that four independent measures of central obesity exhibited a strong dose-response.
From Example B, it is clear that the more participants of the AMA study exercised, the smaller their waists became.The writer of the academic essay aims to persuade readers of an idea based on evidence.
The beginning of the essay is a crucial first step in this process. In order to engage readers and establish your authority, the beginning of your essay has to accomplish certain business. Your beginning should introduce the essay, focus it, and orient readers.
Using statistics. We see the results of statistical analysis every day. For example, when we read about crime rates in a newspaper or look at election predictions we are seeing the results of data interpreted by means of carefully chosen statistical tools.
Good writing will mean different ways in which a written piece conveys information or knowledge, depending on the field related to which a piece of writing is being Solution Summary Academic writing skills, scholarly writing using style formats of APA and MLA.
Generally, government and academic resources are reliable, relatively unbiased providers of statistical information.
There’s a wonderful online resource on using statistics in writing — eminently readable, even by people who fear statistics — that everyone should read.
Effectively writing different types of essays has become critical to academic success. Essay writing is a common school assignment, a part of standardized tests, and a requirement on college applications. Find info & services specific to you: A High School Student A Prospective Student A Current Student An Alumni A Community Member A Parent or Family Member A Developing Professional Faculty or Staff.